Current Affairs for Online Crash Course for SSC CGL Exam : National Issue

Current Affairs for Online Crash Course for SSC CGL (Tier - 1) Exam

:: National Issue ::

Al Nagah-II 2017 between armies of India and Oman

  • The armies of India and Oman are scheduled to conduct their second bilateral exercise, Al Nagah-II 2017, in March with a focus on counter-terrorism.
  • India has, of late, been deepening its defence cooperation with the region. The Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba, is on a tour of Oman and the UAE to “explore new avenues for naval cooperation”.
  • The Army said in a statement that the exercise would be held in the Dhauladhar Ranges at Bakloh in Himachal Pradesh from March 6 to 19.Sixty troops from the two sides will participate.
  • An added aim, the statement said, is to enhance knowledge of each other’s military procedures qualitatively, thus increasing the scope for “interoperability and better responsiveness to a common threat”.
  • In preparation for the exercise, the Indian team has undergone extensive training in rock climbing and slithering and counter-terrorism or low-intensity conflict operations, in addition to tactical drills of close cordon and house intervention drills.
  • India and Oman already have extensive cooperation in the maritime domain.The navies of the two countries have been holding the bilateral maritime exercises called ‘Naseem Al Bahr’ since 1993.
  • aIn addition, the Indian Navy has been cooperating with its UAE and Oman counterparts in training, operational interactions and exchange of “white shipping information” with the help of a joint cooperation committee.

Law ministry asks for opinion about AIJS

  • The Union Law Ministry has sought an opinion from Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi and Solicitor-General Ranjit Kumar on the long-standing proposal for an all-India judicial service for the lower judiciary.
  • The decision was taken at a meeting chaired by Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad on January 16. Various issues related to the proposal for a separate cadre for the lower judiciary were discussed.
  • However, several State governments and courts hold various views on the issue.
  • While in several states local languages are currently used for official works in the lower courts, candidates selected from one state might face difficulty in another state -- this is one of the unresolved problems.
  • It has also been argued that such an arrangement might lead to problems in the career progression of state judicial service officials.
  • The Law Commission has endorsed the idea of having a national-level judicial service on the lines of All-India Civil Services.
  • A department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice, in its 15th report, has also recommended such a judicial service for the appointment of district-level judges.

The government is unlikely to be able to clean the Ganga by 2018

  • The government is unlikely to be able to clean the Ganga by 2018, a target set by Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti.
  • Key reasons include “unreasonable” directions by the National Green Tribunal questioning the operating capacity of sewage treatment plants in Uttar Pradesh and a delay in clearances by State governments to execute projects.
  • Work at developing the sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Uttar Pradesh had stopped because different expert groups, tasked by the court to estimate the sewage in the drains, had conflicting figures.
  • These estimates are necessary to determine the processing capacity of a treatment plant.
  • Ever since the Supreme Court had transferred 30-year-old cases, which dealt with the tardiness in cleaning the Ganga, to the NGT, it has routinely pulled up officials, for poorly executing projects.
  • It has also tasked the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) with probing how certain projects were cleared by the Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam in Garhmukteshwar.
  • Out of a Rs. 20,000-crore clean-up programme, only Rs. 2,000 crore has been sanctioned to the National Mission for Clean Ganga, the executive authority tasked with commissioning treatment plants, cleaning and beautifying the ghats and setting up improved crematoria.

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